https://www.dagstuhl.de/22452

November 6 – 11 , 2022, Dagstuhl Seminar 22452

Computational Social Dynamics

Organizers

Martin Hoefer (Goethe-Universität – Frankfurt am Main, DE)
Sigal Oren (Ben Gurion University – Beer Sheva, IL)
Roger Wattenhofer (ETH Zürich, CH)

For support, please contact

Christina Schwarz for administrative matters

Andreas Dolzmann for scientific matters

Documents

List of Participants
Shared Documents
Dagstuhl Seminar Wiki
Dagstuhl Seminar Schedule (Upload here)

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Motivation

Algorithmic techniques provide a powerful toolbox for understanding many phenomena arising in modern society. Often, these phenomena are related to dynamics – information spreads through networks through processes that mimic the behavior of epidemic spreading. Social networks themselves are the result of the dynamic interaction of agents. A large part of the present social interaction on networks can be expressed using game-theoretic or microeconomic concepts, e.g., the dynamics of opinions in networks, pricing problems and viral marketing, network-based effects of opinions, group formation, cognitive bias, etc.

In algorithmic game theory, an area at the intersection of economics, artificial intelligence and algorithmic theory, the algorithmic toolbox is applied to analyze various social systems. While there has been substantial progress, many important directions have not received sufficient attention. To advance the state of the art in this area, this Dagstuhl Seminar brings together a group of expert researchers concerned with understanding social and behavioral phenomena from a computational perspective. Apart from computer scientists, the seminar shall include economists, social scientists, and psychologists to provide valuable interdisciplinary interactions on several timely topics, including, but not limited to

  • Networks: The role of network structures in societies is far from being well-understood from a computational perspective. Prominent examples include financial networks and systemic risk and networked structures in persuasion and recommendation problems. We will tackle some of these challenges.
  • Fairness: As algorithms take a larger role in our lives it is crucial to make sure that the decisions they make are fair and do not amplify previous biases. We will explore new methods for developing fair algorithms in different settings.
  • Cognitive Biases: Most of the algorithmic research on economic systems assumes that agents are rational utility-maximizers. In contrast, behavioral economics posits that cognitive biases invalidate this assumption. We aim to identify ways to narrow this gap between algorithmic research and behavioral economics.

This Dagstuhl Seminar is open also for discussion of other directions in this area. More fundamentally, a goal is to help shaping a new community – at this point, there is no dedicated conference on "Computational Social Dynamics", i.e., on social and behavioral phenomena from a computational perspective. The seminar aims to bring together a group of key researchers to meet and – beyond scientific problems – discuss also the general state of the field, as well as initiate future efforts in this area.

Motivation text license
  Creative Commons BY 4.0
  Martin Hoefer, Sigal Oren, and Roger Wattenhofer

Classification

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science And Game Theory
  • Data Structures And Algorithms

Keywords

  • Algorithmic Game Theory
  • Fair Division
  • Financial Networks
  • Social Networks
  • Behavioral Economics

Documentation

In the series Dagstuhl Reports each Dagstuhl Seminar and Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop is documented. The seminar organizers, in cooperation with the collector, prepare a report that includes contributions from the participants' talks together with a summary of the seminar.

 

Download overview leaflet (PDF).

Dagstuhl's Impact

Please inform us when a publication was published as a result from your seminar. These publications are listed in the category Dagstuhl's Impact and are presented on a special shelf on the ground floor of the library.

Publications

Furthermore, a comprehensive peer-reviewed collection of research papers can be published in the series Dagstuhl Follow-Ups.