March 24 – 29 , 2019, Dagstuhl Seminar 19132

Users and automated driving systems: How will we interact with tomorrow's vehicles?


Susanne Boll (Universität Oldenburg, DE)
Andrew Kun (University of New Hampshire – Durham, US)
Andreas Riener (TH Ingolstadt, DE)
C. Y. David Yang (AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety – Washington, US)

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In today’s vehicles, the driving task is increasingly often shared between the driver and the vehicle. The success of automation will, however, be highly dependent on how well we can design human-machine interaction (HMI) for automated vehicles. This is the motivation for this Dagstuhl seminar, which will address the following inter-related research questions:

  1. Communicating automation mode: With automated vehicles, automation and humans will share control responsibilities. How can in-vehicle HMI help communicate the automation mode of operation to the driver and other traffic participants?
  2. Transfer of control: How can automation safely transfer control to the driver? This is a critical question, especially in the near term, because in the near term transfer of control will occur frequently.
  3. Trust: Drivers must have trust in the automation features in order to take advantage of them. How does the design of HMI in automated vehicles affect trust in automation?
  4. Creating a place for work and play: One important benefit of automation is that drivers can become passengers, and thus use the time in the vehicle to work or play. How can HMI help people in vehicles take advantage of their newfound freedom from driving?
  5. Communication between traffic participants: In the foreseeable future the transportation environment will include automated and manually driven vehicles, pedestrians, bicyclists, and others. How can HMI support communication between all transportation users?
  6. Advanced technologies for in-vehicle HMI: How can we best utilize advanced technologies, such as natural language processing and augmented reality, for HMI in automated vehicles?

The goals for the seminar are as follows:

  1. Overview of state-of-the-art technologies, methods, and models. We will create an overview of successes and challenges in research, development, and implementation for HMI for automated vehicles.
  2. List of research problems and hypotheses. We will create a list of key research problems and accompanying hypotheses. We expect that in the coming 3 to 10 years these problems and hypotheses will serve as inspiration for the research of the seminar attendees, and more broadly the communities involved in designing HMI for automated vehicles.
  3. Roadmap for research. We will aim to create a roadmap for addressing the problems and hypotheses. The roadmap would include proposed methods of dissemination, proposed research collaborations, as well as current, and recommended new, funding mechanisms.

This seminar is a follow-up to the 2016 Dagstuhl seminar 16262 “Automotive User Interfaces in the Age of Automation.”

Motivation text license
  Creative Commons BY 3.0 DE
  Susanne Boll, Andrew Kun, Andreas Riener, and C. Y. David Yang

Dagstuhl Seminar Series


  • Mobile Computing
  • Society / Human-computer Interaction


  • Human-computer interaction
  • Automated driving


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