August 19 – 24 , 2018, Dagstuhl Seminar 18341

Formalization of Mathematics in Type Theory


Andrej Bauer (University of Ljubljana, SI)
Martín H. Escardó (University of Birmingham, GB)
Peter L. Lumsdaine (University of Stockholm, SE)
Assia Mahboubi (INRIA – Nantes, FR)

For support, please contact

Dagstuhl Service Team


Dagstuhl Report, Volume 8, Issue 8 Dagstuhl Report
Aims & Scope
List of Participants


We and all the participants were delighted to benefit from Dagstuhl's inspiring environment.

Proof assistants are receiving increased attention from users with a background in mathematics, as opposed to their traditional users from theoretical computer science/logic/program verification, and this was the major focus of the meeting. This is true in particular of proof assistants based on dependent types, probably due in part to the advent of homotopy type theory, developed in the proof assistants Coq, Agda and Lean.

The audience of the seminar was thus rather unusual in composition, and featured several experienced researchers used to attending seminars at the Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach, and visiting Schloss Dagstuhl for the first time. In order to foster discussion and fuse collaborations, we adopted a different format from the standard string of slide-based talks: talks in the morning, so that people get to know the work of each other, and working in groups in the afternoon. At the end of each day, before dinner, each group presented a summary of the outcomes of their meetings to all participants, which allowed inter-group discussion and collaboration. This had been tried before by some of the organizers, in the course of Dagstuhl seminar 16112, and worked just as well in our case.

Working group topics were proposed by the audience on the first day, by giving short presentations of a few minutes and writing topics in the board. Some were quite specialized and homogeneous (e.g. the cubical type theory group), and allowed people to have a focussed collaborative brainstorming on a specific open problem of the field. Some were more open-ended, and allowed people to confront various approaches to the same issue/concept in different systems (different proof assistants, computer algebra systems, etc.).

Some people did applied work, such as trying to compute the so-called Brunerie number from an existing proof in homotopy type theory, in order to identity and fix inefficiency problems in proofs assistants based on cubical type theory. Some people used their spare time to solve the ``Dagstuhl dinner'' problem. Details of the topics discussed are in the reports produced by each group.

This was a rather productive meeting, and people from different scientific backgrounds not only met but talked together effectively, solving and identifying problems to work on collaboratively in future.

Summary text license
  Creative Commons BY 3.0 Unported license
  Andrej Bauer, Martín H. Escardó, Peter L. Lumsdaine, and Assia Mahboubi


  • Semantics / Formal Methods
  • Verification / Logic


  • Formalized mathematics
  • Type theory
  • Proof assistant
  • Formal methods


In the series Dagstuhl Reports each Dagstuhl Seminar and Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop is documented. The seminar organizers, in cooperation with the collector, prepare a report that includes contributions from the participants' talks together with a summary of the seminar.


Download overview leaflet (PDF).

Dagstuhl's Impact

Please inform us when a publication was published as a result from your seminar. These publications are listed in the category Dagstuhl's Impact and are presented on a special shelf on the ground floor of the library.


Furthermore, a comprehensive peer-reviewed collection of research papers can be published in the series Dagstuhl Follow-Ups.