November 10 – 13 , 2015, Dagstuhl Seminar 15462

The Mobile Revolution – Machine Intelligence for Autonomous Vehicles


Wolfram Burgard (Universität Freiburg, DE)
Uwe Franke (Daimler AG – Sindelfingen, DE)
Mohan Trivedi (University of California, San Diego – La Jolla, US)


Markus Enzweiler (Daimler AG – Böblingen, DE)

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Dagstuhl Report, Volume 5, Issue 11 Dagstuhl Report
Aims & Scope
List of Participants
Dagstuhl Seminar Schedule [pdf]

Press Room


Motivation and Perspective

Machine intelligence, robotics and computer vision, formerly rather peripheral disciplines of computer science, are in fact already with us today and have a familiar embodiment – the modern vehicle. Systems that are currently available strongly couple interdisciplinary fundamental research with complex practical realizations. The vision of autonomous vehicles in particular has a surprisingly long history with first prototypical implementations going back to the early 1980s. What started then as a dream of pioneers such as Ernst Dickmanns is actually happening right now – we are on the verge of a mobile revolution with self-driving vehicles as its central foundation. The tremendous progress made in the last years has been sparked by the increased methodical and technically availability of better sensors, sophisticated algorithms, faster computers and more data.

But, we are not quite there yet. Autonomous systems make extreme demands on system performance, quality, availability, reliability and verification that significantly increase with the rising degree of automation. Such diverse requirements give rise to numerous problems and open questions that are currently addressed in substantial academic and industrial research activities in many fields of computer science and engineering. Extraordinarily positive innovation effects result from the knowledge transfer between industry and academia, as successfully demonstrated by initiatives such as Uni-DAS or DRIVE-U. The increasing relevance and interest in the computer science community, particularly in the fields of robotics, computer vision and machine learning is evident through an abundance of papers and workshops at major computer science conferences.

This seminar has brought together the leading experts from both academia and industry to discuss the state-of-the-art, identify further research directions and refine the overall vision of intelligent autonomous vehicles into a consistent and practicable picture.

Seminar Topics and Structure

The ultimate design goal for autonomous systems is to mimic human behavior in terms of understanding and effortlessly acting within a dynamic human-inhabited environment. Although artificial sensors emulating the human sensory systems are nowadays widely available, current autonomous systems are still far behind humans in terms of understanding and acting in real-world environments. The chief reason is the (theoretical and practical) unavailability of methods to reliably perform perception, recognition, understanding and action on a broad scale, i.e. not limited to isolated problems.

Following the classical perception-action cycle, the central topics of the seminar have evolved around four key questions posed from the perspective of an autonomous vehicle:

  • Intelligent Robotics
  • Digital Maps
  • Human-centered Intelligent Vehicles
  • Verification and Validation
  • Limitations and Perspectives

The seminar was held in a very interactive workshop style allowing for ample time for thorough discussions. There were four main sessions with talks and discussions, c.f. the seminar schedule in Section 4, focusing on autonomous driving projects, mapping and localization, sensing, as well as evaluation and approval. The first session on state-of-the-art autonomous driving projects has been co-organized with Seminar 15461 as a joint session.

Summary text license
  Creative Commons BY 3.0 Unported license
  Markus Enzweiler


  • Artificial Intelligence / Robotics
  • Computer Graphics / Computer Vision


  • Autonomous Driving
  • Machine Intelligence
  • Robotics
  • Environment Perception
  • Situation Awareness
  • Digital Maps
  • Traffic Safety


In the series Dagstuhl Reports each Dagstuhl Seminar and Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop is documented. The seminar organizers, in cooperation with the collector, prepare a report that includes contributions from the participants' talks together with a summary of the seminar.


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