June 26 – July 1 , 2011, Dagstuhl Seminar 11261

Outdoor and Large-Scale Real-World Scene Analysis. 15th Workshop "Theoretic Foundations of Computer Vision"


Frank Dellaert (Georgia Institute of Technology – Atlanta, US)
Jan-Michael Frahm (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, US)
Marc Pollefeys (ETH Zürich, CH)
Bodo Rosenhahn (Leibniz Universität Hannover, DE)

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Dagstuhl Report, Volume 1, Issue 6 Dagstuhl Report
List of Participants
Dagstuhl's Impact: Documents available


The topic of the meeting was Large-Scale Outdoor Scene Analysis, which covers all aspects, applications and open problems regarding the performance or design of computer vision algorithms capable of working in outdoor setups and/or large-scale environments. Developing these methods is important for driver assistance, city modeling and reconstruction, virtual tourism, telepresence, and outdoor motion capture. With this meeting we aimed to attain several objectives, outlined below.

A first objective was to take stock of the performance of existing state-of-the-art computer vision algorithms and define metrics and benchmark data-sets on which to evaluate them. It is imperative that we push existing algorithms, which are currently benchmarked or tested with artificial or indoor set-ups, towards real applications. Methods of interest are 3D reconstruction, optic flow computation, motion capture, surveillance, object recognition, and tracking. These need to be dragged out of the lab and into the real world. Over the last years the computer vision community has recognized this problem and several groups are increasingly concentrating on the analysis of uncontrolled scenes. Examples include reconstructing large city models from online image collections such as Flickr, or human tracking and behavior recognition in TV footage or video from arbitrary outdoor scenes. An outcome we envision is the definition of appropriate metrics, benchmark sequences, and the definition of a {em grand-challenge problem} that exposes algorithms to all the difficulties associated with large-scale outdoor scenes while simultaneously mobilizing the research community.

A second objective, then, was to define what the open problems are and which aspects of outdoor and large-scale scene analysis make the problem currently intractable. In uncontrolled, outdoor settings many problems start to arise, among them harsh viewing conditions, changing lighting conditions, artifacts from wind, rain, clouds or temperature etc. In addition, large-scale modeling, i.e. spanning city-scale areas, contains difficult challenges of data association and self-consistency that simply do not appear in smaller data-sets. Failure of basic building-block algorithms seems likely or even inevitable, requiring system-level approaches in order to be robust to failure. One of difficulties lies in the fact that the observer looses complete control over the scene, which can become arbitrary complex. This also brings with it the challenge to describe the scene in other than purely geometric terms, i.e., perform true scene understanding at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Finally, outdoor scenes are dynamic and changing over time, requiring event learning and understanding as well as integrating behavior recognition. In this, we brought in participants from industry in order to ground the challenges discussed in real-world, useful applications.

The third and final objective was to discuss strategies that address these challenges, by bringing together a diverse set of international researchers with people interested in the applications, e.g. arising from photogrammetry, geoinformatics, driver assistance systems or human motion analysis. Though these people work in different fields and communities, they are unified by their goal of dealing with images and/or video from outdoor scenes and uncontrolled settings. In the workshop we allowed for an exchange of different modeling techniques and experiences researchers have collected. We allowed time for working groups during the workshop that connect people and whose goals are to develop ideas/roadmaps, additionally we allowed young researchers to connect with senior researchers, and in general allow for an exchange between researchers who would usually not meet otherwise.

The seminar schedule was characterised by flexibility, working groups and sufficient time for focused discussions. The participants of this seminar enjoyed the atmosphere and the services at Dagstuhl very much. The quality of this center is unique.

There will be an edited book (within Springer's series on LNCS) following the seminar, and all seminar participants have been invited to contribute with chapters. The deadline for those submissions is in November 2011 (allowing to incorporate results or ideas stimulated by the seminar), and submissions will be reviewed (as normal). Expected publication date is the end of 2012.

Dagstuhl Seminar Series


  • Scene Analysis
  • Image Understanding
  • Structure-From-Motion
  • Outdoor scenes
  • Benchmarking


In the series Dagstuhl Reports each Dagstuhl Seminar and Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop is documented. The seminar organizers, in cooperation with the collector, prepare a report that includes contributions from the participants' talks together with a summary of the seminar.


Download overview leaflet (PDF).

Dagstuhl's Impact

Please inform us when a publication was published as a result from your seminar. These publications are listed in the category Dagstuhl's Impact and are presented on a special shelf on the ground floor of the library.


Furthermore, a comprehensive peer-reviewed collection of research papers can be published in the series Dagstuhl Follow-Ups.