http://www.dagstuhl.de/18262

24. – 29. Juni 2018, Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 18262

10 Years of Web Science: Closing The Loop

Organisatoren

Susan Halford (University of Southampton, GB)
James A. Hendler (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute – Troy, US)
Eirini Ntoutsi (Universität Hannover, DE)
Steffen Staab (Universität Koblenz-Landau, DE)

Auskunft zu diesem Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop erteilen

Simone Schilke zu administrativen Fragen

Michael Gerke zu wissenschaftlichen Fragen

Motivation

The Web changes the world and the world changes the Web. In order to understand this interaction, Web Science was launched as a field about 10 years ago [1]. Web Science seeks to understand the past and present of the Web and to shape its future by understanding the Web and its many different aspects: mathematical underpinnings, technical engineering, and social and legal impacts [2].

Ten years later the Web reaches far beyond computer science, which in the early days, laid out the technical foundations. The vast amount of research that has been undertaken in the last ten years in Web Science mostly refers to analytics in order to understand the online activities of individuals and communities. Research also links these digital traces to analysis of offline activities that are shaped by and shape the Web.

However, scientific investigation of the Web as a complex sociotechnical system should also include experimental methods that test research hypotheses in controlled environments.

Some notable efforts in this direction already exist. Facebook, for example, manipulated the feeds of random users by controlling the amount of positive and negative posts in a psychological study to examine how emotions can be spread on social media [3]. The study resulted in interesting findings like moods being contagious, however the users who were selected for the emotion-altering project experiment were not asked for explicit permission.

Such incidents have provoked widespread public concern, and it is clear that there is a lack of agreement, expertise and ethics knowledge about how to do experimental Web research. The scale, reach and immediacy of the Web makes this a hugely promising approach for Web Science. But, currently there is no agreement, expertise, or ethics knowledge on how to go from Web Analytics to experimentation and intervention.

The main objective of this Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop is how to do robust, scientifically interesting Web experimentation without violating ethical and legal norms. This is of concern to Web Science researchers across all disciplines. Accordingly, the workshop seeks the widest possible input and collaboration in order to achieve our objective.

References

  1. T. Berners-Lee, W. Hall, J. Hendler, N. Shadbolt, and D. Weitzner, Creating a Science of the Web, Science, 311, 2006.
  2. Web science manifesto. http://www.webscience.org/manifesto/. Accessed: 2017-04-15.
  3. Facebook tinkers with users emotions in news feed experiment, stirring outcry. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/30/technology/facebook-tinkers-with-users-emotions-in-news-feed-experiment-stirring-outcry.html. Accessed: 2017-04-15.

License
  Creative Commons BY 3.0 DE
  Susan Halford, James A. Hendler, Erini Ntoutsi, and Steffen Staab

Classification

  • Society / Human-computer Interaction
  • World Wide Web / Internet

Keywords

  • Web Science
  • Social Experiments
  • Intervention
  • Nudging

Buchausstellung

Bücher der Teilnehmer 

Buchausstellung im Erdgeschoss der Bibliothek

(nur in der Veranstaltungswoche).

Dokumentation

In der Reihe Dagstuhl Reports werden alle Dagstuhl-Seminare und Dagstuhl-Perspektiven-Workshops dokumentiert. Die Organisatoren stellen zusammen mit dem Collector des Seminars einen Bericht zusammen, der die Beiträge der Autoren zusammenfasst und um eine Zusammenfassung ergänzt.

 

Download Übersichtsflyer (PDF).

Publikationen

Es besteht weiterhin die Möglichkeit, eine umfassende Kollektion begutachteter Arbeiten in der Reihe Dagstuhl Follow-Ups zu publizieren.

Dagstuhl's Impact

Bitte informieren Sie uns, wenn eine Veröffentlichung ausgehend von
Ihrem Seminar entsteht. Derartige Veröffentlichungen werden von uns in der Rubrik Dagstuhl's Impact separat aufgelistet  und im Erdgeschoss der Bibliothek präsentiert.