27.09.15 - 02.10.15, Seminar 15402

Self-assembly and Self-organization in Computer Science and Biology

Diese Seminarbeschreibung wurde vor dem Seminar auf unseren Webseiten veröffentlicht und bei der Einladung zum Seminar verwendet.

Motivation

Distributed systems without central coordination are abundant in biology. Generally, they involve a collection of agents that locally interact or self-organize in order to realize a certain collective behavior. Examples include self-assembly systems, where through the successive attachment of small building blocks large well-defined geometric structures can be formed. Currently, we see the trend of man-made systems in computer science and engineering to become more and more distributed - closer resembling self-organizing biological or physical systems.

This Dagstuhl Seminar aims to bring together researchers working in the areas of self-propelled particle systems, collective animal behavior, networked dynamical systems, molecular self-assembly, algorithmic self-assembly, graph-rewriting grammars, multi-agent systems, and swarm robotics. Although the methods and addressed questions differ, the unifying theme of all these areas is the distributed, granular nature of the considered systems and the emergence of certain global behavioral features.

Goals of this seminar are the exchange of latest advances in the respective areas and the identification of common grounds in terms of mathematical methodology and problem statements through the development of new abstract formal models. Featured reports on actual physical and biological realizations of self-assembling and self-organizing systems at the seminar will be instrumental to guide such formalization. More specifically, the seminar should shed light on one particular question of fundamental importance: How do we determine the local interactions of agents given a certain predetermined behavior of the collective? This inverse problem is key to the synthesis of novel self-organizing systems in technological domains but also to the understanding natural self-organizing systems.

The seminar is truly interdisciplinary and will bring together computer scientists, physicists, biologists, engineers and mathematicians. It will feature tutorial talks from the various domains to ensure a common ground for discussions. The seminar is ideally suited to identify novel challenging problems at domain boundaries and to initiate interdisciplinary collaborations.